Lingonberry is a species in the genus vaccinium.
Lingonberry is thus related to the cranberry, bilberry and blueberry and other members of the genus.
Like them, these fruits contain a library of compounds including anthocyanins in high amounts. Each fruit producing its own version of the molecule. In blueberries it is chlorogenic acid and in both cranberry and lingonberry, quercetin glycosides are most prominent.
All berries are fruits of plants and require protection from the rays of the sun. This is accomplished by the production of colorful pigments and phytomolecules by the plant. They are needed to protect the fruit's delicate skin and preserve the juice of the berry.
Fortunately for humans, these phytonutrients are highly beneficial to health and should be a part of every diet.
The plant spreads by way of creeping underground stems. The plant's fruit is a red berry with a strong acidic or tart taste. Lingonberries are a popular fruit in the northern countries of Europe. They are picked wild in the Nordic forests and used in different kinds of jams, jellies, juices, pasties and pies.
Lingonberry is also a good source of fibers, sugar, vitamin A, vitamin C and magnesium. The berry's tartness is due to the tannins produced in the skin of the fruit. These tannins are the subject of much speculation and hope.
Lingonberry is thought to provide anti-oxidant, anti-cancer and anti-microbial activity with regular consumption and is often used like cranberry to ward off urinary tract infections.