Carotenoids are the primary pigments found in red, yellow and orange colored plants (fruits and vegetables). They are synthesized by plants in the chromoplast, an organelle different from the chloroplast, which synthesizes chlorophyll. Carotenoids are lipid-soluble antioxidants that are involved in the normal maintenance of mucus membranes in the eye. Beta-carotene, lycopene and lutein are the most important of the carotenoids and in addition to supporting the eye, they are…
Glucosinolates are naturally occurring chemicals found in cruciferous vegetables (cabbage, sprouts kale and mustard seeds).   The term glucosinolates refer to a library of more than one hundred sulfur-containing compounds (glycosides).   Upon hydrolysis, (addition of water) these glycosides yield isothiocyanates, thiocyanates, and indoles. Thiocyanates and isothiocyanates block tumor production and inhibit tumor growth in a variety of body sites. Presumably, this occurs due to plant compound's inhibition of the…
There is a universe of compounds in plants. I refer to the complete inventory of compounds as a library. The compounds themselves are found in volumes, that is multiple variations of the same core compound. A great example are the ginsenosides of ginseng. Many variants with minimal alterations in structure but a world apart in effects they produce. Depending on the variant, a specific ginsenoside can cause excitement while an…